SIR Alan Muir Wood, the designer of the Clyde Tunnel who has died aged 87, has been styled the "father of modern tunnelling".
A Brunelian figure, his development of civil engineering made possible such late twentieth-century infrastructure projects as the Channel Tunnel.
His design of Glasgow's sub-river crossing responded to challenges of keeping the tunnel face stable when encountering waterbearing sands and gravel beneath the river bed. He also had to establish a design that coped with a route dipping down through the flatlands of Govan before rising steeply on the north side to counter the steep brae of Balshagray hill.
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